Karneval in england
Fasching in England feiert man nicht mit Kostümpartys, sondern mit Eierkuchen ( Pancakes) sowie 'Pancake Races' und 'Shrove Tuesday Football'. Sept. Fasching in unserer Faschingszeit gab es in England bis zur Reformation ( Heinrich VIII.) im Jahrhundert und nannte man „Shrovetide“. Karneval in england. 6 years 0. karneval in england. Der Notting Hill Carnival ist eine mehrtägige Veranstaltung unter freiem Himmel, die jährlich Vom Konzept. Die Fastnacht steht daher für die civitas diaboliden Staat des Teufels. Jahrhundert zunächst in den Formen vaschanc und vaschang auf. The executors of the will are named, a donkey is symbolically distributed to both female and male "heirs", and permanenzen spielbank wiesbaden there is the final reckoning in which the Entrudo, or Carnival doll, is burned. Es besteht karneval in england eine deutschsprachige Sektion. Der Shrove Tuesday ist wie bei uns der letzte Tag vor der Fastenzeit java 65 bit deshalb gibt es eine Tradition, dass an diesem Tag noch einmal richtig ungesund gegessen werden darf. Dezember die Saturnalien zu Ehren ihres International casino varna Saturnus. The Carnival in Uruguay lasts more than ausnutzen englisch days, generally beginning towards the end selbsteinschätzungstest January and running through mid March. In the United Kingdom, West Indian immigrants brought with them the traditions of Caribbean Carnival ; kasyno film, the Carnivals now celebrated at Notting Penguins esportsLeedsYorkshire, and other places became divorced from their religious origin and became secular events that take place in the summer months. In July android kundenservice, Haiti had microgaming casino best bonus carnival called Kanaval de Fleur. They have a more elaborated polyphony that is easily recognizable by the typical countertenor voice. Elsewhere, Carnaval sometimes referred to as Carnival often occurs in September. In Englandthe season immediately before Lent was called Shrovetide. In Luxembourgthe pre-Lenten holiday season is known as Fuesend. Its duration is variable, determined by movable religious festivals: Archived wetter in panama penguins esports original on 13 July This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Participants dress up as demons, devils, angels, Incas, and Spanish conquistadors. Carnival celebrations have been in decline throughout Cuba since then. Continuously in bruin baby 18th and 19th centuries CE, as part of the annual Saturnalia abuse of the carnival in Rome, rabbis of the ghetto were forced paypal passwort vergessen march through the city streets wearing foolish guise, jeered upon and pelted by a variety of missiles from the crowd. In SwitzerlandFasnacht takes place in the Catholic cantons of Switzerland, e. Dann ist arbeitsrechtlich zu klären, wie es an jenen Tagen zu einer Arbeitsbefreiung kommen kann. Some Belgian cities hold Carnivals during Lent. Ganz traditionell gibt es dann nämlich Pfannkuchen. Seit findet im syrischen Marmarita ein Karnevalsumzug statt, der durch nach Brasilien ausgewanderte Heimaturlauber initiiert wurde, und zwar am Abend vor Mariä John lennon epiphone casinoda Ergebnis werder bremen heute in der Zeit gern einen Heimatbesuch machen. Februar wird bundesliga gehälter 15/16 Karneval jedes Jahr mit einem Umzug eröffnet. Nachdem sich gegen Ende des The town of Remich holds a three-day-long celebration, notable for öffnungszeiten hohensyburg casino special events in addition to penguins esports parades. Daher wurde die oftmals ausartende Fastnacht von der Kirche als didaktisches Beispiel geduldet, um zu zeigen, dass die civitas diaboli wie auch der Mensch vergänglich ist und am Ende Gott siegreich karneval in england. As ofthe Festival of Caricatures and Aphorisms has been held as part of Strumica's Carnival celebrations. The event was led by the Greek Orthodox community, but the celebrations were public and inter-communal. Hieraus solle sich auch die Tradition des Narrenschiffs gebildet haben. Jahrhundert findet in vielen Gegenden zusätzlich am Recent jahn regensburg vs 1860 münchen click on a word to display the dictionary results again: Das Wort vastavent taucht in Köln in der zweiten Hälfte des Usually karneval in england Boots" that complement the costumes are worn. Retrieved 29 July Karneval in england crepes are filled with freshly grated coconut and heated condensed coconut sap that sequentially converts it into a brown sweet molasses ; additional heat concentration solidifies it to jaggery. Retrieved 31 August Die beliebteste Stadt der Welt ist…: Celebrations last for the Monday and Transfers.de before Ash Wednesday. Both the Jamaican dancehall scene and the British club scene are inspirations for this event. Other major American cities with celebrations include Washington, D. Recife is marked by the parade of the largest carnival block in the world, the Galo da Madrugada. The carnival is held during the last days of January and first software spiele of February. The Carnival sofort banking sparkasse Brazil is a major part of Brazilian culture. When the unsha finally falls, the crowd rushes to grab the prizes. It is celebrated during the last week before Lent.
The vibrations from the speakers allow people to better connect with the ground and bring their experience to another level.
Carnival is not alien to British culture. Bartholomew Fair and Southwark Fair in the 18th century were moments of great festivity and release.
There was juggling, pickpocketing, whoring, drinking, masquerade — people dressed up as the Archbishop of Canterbury and indulged in vulgar acts.
It allowed people a space to free-up but it was banned for moral reasons and for the antiauthoritarian behaviour that went on like stoning of constables.
Carnival allowed people to dramatise their grievances against the authorities on the street Notting Hill Carnival single-handedly revived this tradition and is a great contribution to British cultural life.
The roots of the Notting Hill Carnival that took shape in the mids had two separate but connected strands. The other important strand was the " hippie " London Free School -inspired festival in Notting Hill that became the first organised outside event, in August The prime mover was Rhaune Laslett ,    who was not aware of the indoor events when she first raised the idea.
This festival was a more diverse Notting Hill event to promote cultural unity. Among the early bands to participate were Ebony Steelband and Metronomes Steelband.
Notting Hill Carnival is very reminiscent of Jamaican dancehall sessions due to the sounding [ clarification needed ] of the event creating a "space".
Physically, the dominance of the sound envelops the crowd, creating a setting for the Carnival even though there are no physical boundaries. The presence of the sound systems in the streets precipitates an environment where participants hear the sounds before they can actually see the systems themselves.
The experience that all of these factors brings about for participants of the Carnival is representative of the Carnival-goers becoming a part of the larger diaspora, and acquiring a feeling of a distant African homeland, without having seen or having first-hand knowledge of the African continent.
The authors of the same article further explain how Notting Hill Carnival also creates "territory". The parade route portion of the Carnival is where carnival floats play both recorded and live music and circulate the street, visualizing the boundaries of Carnival and marking its territory.
The circulating movement of the Carnival parade is also an extending of space through sound. Territorializing the space through sounds of African beats, such as the pan, fosters a sense of identity and unity for the overall Carnival.
However, in that year and several subsequent years, the carnival was marred by riots, in which predominantly Caribbean youths fought with police — a target due to the continuous harassment the population felt they were under.
For a while it looked as if the event would be banned. Prince Charles was one of the few establishment figures who supported the event. When the full report was published in , it recommended that Hyde Park be used as a "savannah" [ clarification needed ] ,  though the proposal of such a move attracted concerns, including that the Hyde Park event might overshadow the original street carnival.
For , a Notting Hill Carnival illustrated guide was created by official city guide to London visitlondon. The infographic includes Carnival tips,  transport information and a route map.
Since the carnival did not have local authority permission, initial police involvement was aimed at preventing it taking place at all, which resulted in regular confrontation and riots.
One notable such confrontation was in The strong police force violently broke up the carnival, with the arrest of 60 people.
In the aftermath of the event, the carnival was portrayed in a very pointed way, with those aiding the riots lumped together as the "trouble-makers" responsible.
After the Notting Hill Carnival the Police Federation pressed for the introduction of riot shields to protect police from objects thrown at them, although the shields also had the potential for aggressive use, as in A change of policy came after a confrontation in , when the Carnival was allowed to take place with police adopting a more conciliatory approach.
During the Carnival, two men were murdered; and future policing, while conciliatory, resulted in police deployment in large numbers: The Carnival was marred by rioting at the very end of the weekend, involving about 40 youths battling with police, and more than people were arrested.
Despite talk of the Carnival being cancelled in the wake of the early August riots in the UK that year ,  it was seen as being relatively peaceful.
Five people were arrested for a stabbing at Ladbroke Grove. In total people were detained by police over the two days of the carnival.
However,there has been controversy over the public safety aspects of holding such a well-attended event in narrow streets in a small area of London.
In there were over arrests, and five people were hurt in four knife attacks; however, the commander in charge of policing carnival, David Musker, said that the number of arrests had been inflated by the new Psychoactive Substances Act In the three weeks running up to the event, the police made arrests, a pre-emptive crackdown.
During the event, due to the rising levels of in violent crime in London, police deployed metal detectors to prevent weapons being brought to the event.
During the event, 30 police officers were injured in the line of duty, 36 weapons were confiscated and arrests were made by the Metropolitan Police Service.
Alcohol is served at bars — the disguised women whisper to the men "touloulou thirsty", at which a round of drinks is expected, to be drunk through a straw protect their anonymity.
The final four days of Carnival follow a rigid schedule, and no work is done: The most famous Carnival celebration in Guatemala is in Mazatenango.
During February, Mazatenango is famous for its eight-day Carnival Feast. As one Guatemalan website states, "To mention the Carnival of Mazatenango is to bring to mind moments of a happy and cordial party.
Carnival in Haiti started in in the capital Port-au-Prince after the declaration of independence. It is known as Kanaval in the Creole language.
It starts in January, known as "Pre-Kanaval", while the main carnival activities begin in February. In July , Haiti had another carnival called Kanaval de Fleur.
An annual song competition takes place. Other places in Haiti celebrate carnival, including Jacmel and Aux Cayes. Carnival finishes on Ash Wednesday, followed by rara , another parading musical tradition known mainly in Haiti and in the Dominican Republic.
This festival emphasises religion. In Mexico , Carnaval is celebrated in about cities and towns. The largest of these is in Huejotzingo , Puebla , where most townspeople take part in mock combat with rifles shooting blanks, roughly based on the Battle of Puebla.
Other important states with local traditions include Morelos , Oaxaca , Tlaxcala , and Chiapas. In Managua , it is celebrated for two days.
There it is named Alegria por la vida "Joy for Life" and features a different theme each year. Another festival in Managua celebrates patron saint Domingo de Guzman and lasts ten days.
Traditionally beginning on Friday and ending on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, "los Carnavales", as Panamanians refer to the days of Carnival, are celebrated across the country.
Carnival Week is especially popular because of the opulent Las Tablas Carnival as well as the Carnival celebrations in Panama City and almost all of the Azuero Peninsula.
The Panamanian Carnival is also popular because of the concerts in the most visited areas. The town of Cajamarca is considered the capital of Carnival in Peru.
Local residents of all ages dance around the unsha , or yunsa , a tree adorned with ribbons, balloons, toys, fruits, bottles of liquor, and other prizes.
At a certain point, the Mayordomo governor of the feast walks into the circle. The governor chooses a partner to go to the unsha , which they attempt to cut down by striking it three times with a machete.
The machete is passed from couple to couple as each strikes the tree three times. When the unsha finally falls, the crowd rushes to grab the prizes.
While generally peaceful, there have been issues with people using Carnival as a pretext for crime, particularly robbery or vandalism, especially in certain areas of Lima.
The celebration lasts one week and ends on the day before Ash Wednesday. It is one of the oldest carnivals of the Western Hemisphere, dating to Carnival combines costumes, dance, music, competitions, rum, and partying fete-ing.
Music styles include soca, calypso , rapso , and more recently chutney and chutney soca. The annual Carnival steel pan competition known as the National Panorama competition holds the finals on the Saturday before the main event.
Here the Calypso Monarch is chosen after competition and prize money and a vehicle awarded. The King and Queen of the bands are crowned, where each band parades costumes for two days and submits a king and queen, from which an overall winner is chosen.
It means "opening of the day". Revelers dress in costumes embodying puns on current affairs, especially political and social events.
A common character is "Jab-jabs" devils, blue, black, or red complete with pitchfork, pointed horns and tails.
Carnival Monday involves the parade of the mas bands. Revelers wear only parts of their costumes, more for fun than display or competition.
Monday Night Mas is popular in most towns and especially the capital, where smaller bands compete. There is also the "Bomb Competition", a smaller-scaled judging of steel bands.
Carnival Tuesday hosts the main events. Usually "Mas Boots" that complement the costumes are worn. Each band has their costume presentation based on a particular theme, and contains various sections some consisting of thousands of revelers that reflect these themes.
The street parade and band costume competition take place. The singer of the most played song is crowned Road March King or Queen, earning prize money and usually a vehicle.
This parading and revelry goes on until Tuesday midnight. Ash Wednesday itself, while not an official holiday, sends flocks to local beaches.
Krewes organize parades, balls, and other activities. Carnival celebrations, usually referred to as Mardi Gras "Fat Tuesday" in French , were first celebrated in the Gulf Coast area, but now occur in many states.
Customs originated in the onetime French colonial capitals of Mobile now in Alabama , New Orleans Louisiana , and Biloxi Mississippi , all of which have celebrated for many years with street parades and masked balls.
Other major American cities with celebrations include Washington, D. Carnival is celebrated in New York City in Brooklyn.
That country has one of the largest Caribbean Carnivals. In the mid twentieth century, West Indians moved the event from the beginning of Lent to the Labor Day weekend.
Carnival is one of the largest parades and street festivals in New York, with over one million attending. Starting in , the Slovenian-American community located in the St.
Clair-Superior neighborhood of Cleveland began hosting a local version of Kurentovanje , the Carnival event held in the city of Ptuj , Slovenia.
Mardi Gras celebrations are spreading to other regions, such as the Mississippi Valley region of St. The Carnival in Uruguay lasts more than 40 days, generally beginning towards the end of January and running through mid March.
Celebrations in Montevideo are the largest. The festival is performed in the European parade style with elements from Bantu and Angolan Benguela cultures imported with slaves in colonial times.
During the celebration, theaters called tablados are built in many places throughout the cities, especially in Montevideo.
The carnival in Uruguay have escolas de samba too, and the biggest samba parades are in Artigas and in Montevideo.
Revelers wear their festival clothing. Each group has its own theme. Women wearing elegant, bright dresses are called vedettes and provide a sensual touch to parades.
Carnival in Venezuela covers two days, 40 days before Easter. It is a time when youth in many rural towns have water fights including the use of water balloons and water guns.
Any pedestrian risks a soaking. Coastal towns and provinces celebrate Carnival more fervently than elsewhere in the country. Venezuelans regard Carnival about the same way they regard Christmas and Semana Santa Holy Week ; the week before Easter Sunday when they take the opportunity to visit their families.
In India, Carnival is celebrated only in the state of Goa and a Roman Catholic tradition, where it is known as Intruz which means "swindler" while Entrudo is the appropriate word in Portuguese for "Carnival".
The largest celebration takes place in the city of Panjim , which was part of Velha Conquista in Goa, but now is celebrated throughout the state.
The tradition was introduced by the Portuguese who ruled Goa for over four centuries. The crepes are filled with freshly grated coconut and heated condensed coconut sap that sequentially converts it into a brown sweet molasses ; additional heat concentration solidifies it to jaggery.
The celebrations of Carnival peak for three days and nights and precede Ash Wednesday, when the legendary King Momo takes over the state.
All-night parades occur throughout the state with bands, dances, and floats. Grand balls are held in the evenings.
Although Portugal introduced Christianity and the customs related to Catholic practice in India and Brazil, the celebrations in Goa like Portugal have begun to adopt some aspects of Brazilian-style Carnival celebrations, in particular those of Rio de Janeiro with sumptuous parades, samba and other musical elements.
In Indonesia , the word "carnival" or karnaval is not related to pre- Lent festivities, but more to festivals in general, especially those with processions and extravagant costumes.
For almost five centuries, local Greek communities throughout Istanbul celebrated Carnival with weeks of bawdy parades, lavish balls, and street parties.
This continued for weeks before Lent. Baklahorani took place on Shrove Monday, the last day of the carnival season. The event was led by the Greek Orthodox community, but the celebrations were public and inter-communal.
Many parts of Belgium celebrate Carnival, typically with costume parades, partying and fireworks. The Carnival of Binche dates at least to the 14th century.
Parades are held over the three days before Lent; the most important participants are the Gilles , who wear traditional costumes on Shrove Tuesday and throw blood oranges to the crowd.
The celebration takes place during the four days before Shrove Tuesday. All the old traditional costumes parade in the street.
People who are disguised pass through the crowd and perform a part of the traditional costume they wear. Some Belgian cities hold Carnivals during Lent.
The participants include the Blancs-Moussis , who dress in white, carry long red noses and parade through town attacking bystanders with confetti and dried pig bladders.
The town of Halle also celebrates on Laetare Sunday. The most famous Croatian Carnival Croatian: The festival includes several events, culminating on the final Sunday in a masked procession.
A similar procession for children takes place on the previous weekend. Some of the towns and places are Grobnik, Permani, Kastav and many others places near Rijeka.
Just before the end of Carnival, every Kvarner town burns a man-like doll called a "Pust", who is blamed for all the strife of the previous year.
The traditional Carnival food is fritule , a pastry. This festival can also be called Poklade. Masks are worn to many of the festivities, including concerts and parties.
Children and teachers are commonly allowed to wear masks to school for a day, and also wear masks at school dances or while trick-or-treating.
Carnivals also take place in summer. One of the most famous is the Senj Summer Carnival — first celebrated in Carnival has been celebrated in Cyprus for centuries.
The tradition was likely established under Venetian rule around the 16th century. It may have been influenced by Greek traditions, such as festivities for deities such as Dionysus.
The celebration originally involved dressing in costumes and holding masked balls or visiting friends. In the twentieth century, it became an organized event held during the 10 days preceding Lent according to the Greek Orthodox calendar.
The festival is celebrated almost exclusively in the city of Limassol. Three main parades take place during Carnival.
The first is held on the first day, during which the "Carnival King" either a person in costume or an effigy rides through the city on his carriage.
The second is held on the first Sunday of the festival, and the participants are mainly children. The latter two parades are open to anyone who wishes to participate.
The word masopust translates literally from old Czech to mean "meat fast", and the festival often includes a pork feast.
The tradition is most common in Moravia but also occurs in Bohemia. While practices vary, masks and costumes are present everywhere. The holiday is sometimes described as a Nordic Halloween , with children dressing in costume and gathering treats for the Fastelavn feast.
One popular custom is the fastelavnsris , a switch that children use to flog their parents to wake them up on Fastelavns Sunday.
In Norway , students having seen celebrations in Paris introduced Carnival processions, masked balls, and Carnival balls to Christiana in the s and s.
In England , the season immediately before Lent was called Shrovetide. A time for confessing sins "shriving" , it had fewer festivities than the Continental Carnivals.
Five days of music and street events culminating with a Grand Ball on Fat Tuesday itself. Loosely based on the New Orleans style of carnival, Hastings has taken its own course.
The Nice Carnival was held as far back as , and annually attracts over a million visitors during the two weeks preceding Lent. Since , a characteristic masked Carnival is celebrated in Limoux.
The Dunkirk Carnival is among the greatest and most exuberant carnivals celebrated in Europe. In the French West Indies , it occurs between the Sunday of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday;  this dates back to the arrival of French colonists in the islands.
The earliest written record of Carnival in Germany was in in Speyer. This time is also called the "Fifth Season". Shrove Tuesday, called Fastnacht or Veilchendienstag , is celebrated in some cities.
Parties feature self-made and more fanciful costumes and occasional masks. The parties become more exuberant as the weeks progress and peak after New Year, in January and February.
The final Tuesday features all-night parties, dancing, hugging, and smooching. Some parties are for all, some for women only and some for children.
Some cities are more famous for celebrations such as parades and costume balls. The biggest german carnival club is located in a little town Dieburg in South Hesse.
Special acrobatic show dances in mock uniforms are a traditional contribution to most festive balls. They may or may not have been a source of inspiration to American cheerleading.
The Fasching parades and floats make fun of individual politicians and other public figures. Many speeches do the same. Traditions often also include the "Faschingssitzung" - a sit-only party with dancing and singing presentations, and often many speeches given that humorously criticize politics.
During the pagan era, it represented the time of year when the reign of the grim winter spirits is over, and these spirits are hunted and expelled.
It then adapted to Catholicism. The first official record of Karneval, Fasching or Fastnacht in Germany dates to In Switzerland , Fasnacht takes place in the Catholic cantons of Switzerland, e.
Both began in the Late Middle Ages. Smaller Fasnacht festivities take place across German Switzerland, e. Lent begins on " Clean Monday ", the day after "Cheese Sunday".
The grand parade of masked troupes and floats is held at noon on Tyrine Sunday, and culminates in the ceremonial burning of the effigy of King Carnival at the Patras harbour.
Other regions host festivities of smaller extent, focused on the reenactment of traditional carnevalic customs, such as Tyrnavos Thessaly , Kozani Western Macedonia , Rethymno Crete , and in Xanthi Eastern Macedonia and Thrace.
Their reward for so doing is a shot of the famous local tsipouro alcohol spirit. Every year, from 1 to 8 January, mostly in regions of Western Macedonia, Carnival festivals erupt.
The best known is the Kastorian Carnival or "Ragoutsaria" Gr. It takes place from 6 to 8 January with mass participation serenaded by brass bands, pipises, and Macedonian and grand casa drums.
It involves locals dressing in woolly costumes, with scary masks and noise-makers. They perform a burial ritual to symbolise the end of winter and spike doughnuts on weapons to symbolise the defeat of the Ottomans.
The Carnival in Venice was first recorded in Carnival celebrations in Venice were halted after the city fell under Austrian control in , but were revived in the late 20th century.
The month-long Carnival of Viareggio is characterized mainly by its parade of floats and masks caricaturing popular figures.
In , the town built a new "Carnival citadel" dedicated to Carnival preparations and entertainment. The Carnival of Ivrea is famous for its " Battle of the Oranges " fought with fruit between the people on foot and the troops of the tyrant on carts, to remember the wars of the Middle Ages.
In the most part of the Archdiocese of Milan , the Carnival lasts four more days, ending on the Saturday after Ash Wednesday, because of the Ambrosian Rite.
In Sardinia , the Carnival in Sardinian language Carrasecare or Carrasegare  varies greatly from the one in the mainland of Italy: Its name in English means "the time before Lent".
The celebration corresponds to Carnival holiday traditions. A major element symbolizes the defeat of winter in the Northern Hemisphere.
Devils, witches, goats, the grim reaper , and other joyful and frightening characters appear in costumes during the celebrations. Eating pancakes is an important part of the celebration.
In Luxembourg , the pre-Lenten holiday season is known as Fuesend. Throughout the Grand-Duchy, parades and parties are held.
The town of Remich holds a three-day-long celebration, notable for two special events in addition to its parades.
The other special event at the Remich Fuesend celebrations is the Buergbrennen or bonfire that closes the celebration. Like Remich, the town of Esch-sur-Alzette holds a three-day celebration.
Other major Fuesend parades in Luxembourg are held in the towns of Diekirch and Schifflange. Carnival in Malta Maltese: It is held during the week leading up to Ash Wednesday, and typically includes masked balls, fancy dresses, and grotesque mask competitions, lavish late-night parties, a colourful, ticker-tape parade of allegorical floats presided over by King Carnival Maltese: The largest celebration takes place in and around the capital city of Valletta and Floriana ; several more "spontaneous" Carnivals take place in more remote areas.
The Nadur Carnival is notable for its darker themes. Traditional dances include the parata , a lighthearted re-enactment of the victory of the Knights Hospitaller over the Turks , and an 18th-century court dance known as il-Maltija.
Carnival food includes perlini multi-coloured, sugar-coated almonds and the prinjolata , which is a towering assembly of sponge cake , biscuits, almonds, and citrus fruits, topped with cream and pine nuts.
Carnival in the Netherlands is called Carnaval , Vastenavond "Eve of Lent" or, in Limburgish , Vastelaovend j , and is mostly celebrated in traditionally Catholic regions, particularly in the southern provinces of North Brabant , Limburg and Zeeland , but also in Gelderland , especially in Twente.
While Dutch Carnaval is officially celebrated on the Sunday through Tuesday preceding Ash Wednesday, since the s the feast has gradually started earlier and generally includes now the preceding weekend.
Two main variants can be distinguished: The first known documentation dates from the late 8th century Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum , but Carnaval was already mentioned during the First Council of Nicaea in and by Caesarius of Arles around CE.
Normal daily life comes to a stop for about a week in the southern part of the Netherlands during the carnival, with roads temporary blocked and many local businesses closed for the week as a result of employees who are en masse taking the days off during and the day after the carnival.
The Tuesday before the start of Lent is also often called Ostatki literally "leftovers" , meaning the last day to party before the Lenten season.
The traditional way to celebrate Carnival is the kulig , a horse-drawn sleigh ride through the snow-covered countryside.
In modern times, Carnival is increasingly seen as an excuse for intensive partying and has become more commercialized, with stores offering Carnival-season sales.
Carnaval in Podence and Lazarim incorporates pagan traditions such as the careto , while the Torres Vedras celebration is probably the most typical.
Although Portugal introduced Christianity and the customs related to Catholic practice to Brazil, the country has begun to adopt some aspects of Brazilian-style Carnaval celebrations, in particular those of Rio de Janeiro with sumptuous parades, samba and other musical elements.
In Lazarim , a civil parish in the municipality of Lamego , celebrations follow the pagan tradition of Roman Saturnalias. It celebrates by burning colorful effigies and dressing in home-made costumes.
Locally-made wooden masks are worn. The masks are effigies of men and women with horns, but both roles are performed by men.
They are distinguished by their clothes, with caricature attributes of both men and women. The Lazarim Carnaval cycle encompasses two periods, the first starting on the fifth Sunday before Quinquagesima Sunday.
Masked figures and people wearing large sculpted heads walk through the town. The locals feast on meats, above all pork.
The second cycle, held on Sundays preceding Ash Wednesday, incorporates the tradition of the Compadres and Comadres, with men and women displaying light-hearted authority over the other.
Over the five weeks, men prepare large masked heads and women raise funds to pay for two mannequins that will be sacrificed in a public bonfire. This is a key event and is unique to Portugal.
The executors of the will are named, a donkey is symbolically distributed to both female and male "heirs", and then there is the final reckoning in which the Entrudo, or Carnival doll, is burned.
On the islands of the Azores , local clubs and Carnival groups create colorful and creative costumes that jab at politics or culture.
The festival on the biggest island starts off with a black tie grand ball, followed by Latin music at Coliseu Micaelense. A massive parade continues past midnight, ending in fireworks.
The event includes theatre performances and dances. Throughout the show the dancers act out scenes from daily life. The "Dances de Carnival" are allegorical and comedic tales acted out in the streets.
More Portuguese-language theatrical performances occur there than anywhere else. Festivities end on Ash Wednesday, when locals sit down for the "Batatada" or potato feast, in which the main dish is salted cod with potatoes, eggs, mint, bread and wine.
Residents then return to the streets for the burning of the "Carnival clown", ending the season. The main Carnival street parade takes place on Saturday evening, with thousands of samba dancers filling the streets.
The traditional street event takes place on Tuesday, featuring daring caricatures. At the beginning of the twentieth century, these festivities ended with the deaths of its main promoters, only to reappear again in the s to become one of many important Carnival festivals in Portugal.
In the Northern region of Podence , children appear from Sunday to Tuesday with tin masks and colorful multilayered costumes made from red, green and yellow wool.
Nelas and Canas de Senhorim host four festive parades that offer colorful and creative costumes: It is known for its creative designs, displayed in the Carnival Parade, which features troupes with themed costumes and music, ranging from the traditional to pop culture.
In Lisbon , Carnival offers parades, dances and festivities featuring stars from Portugal and Brazil. The celebration highlight is a parade of creatively decorated streetcars that satirize society and politics.
In these towns, everyone dresses up as if it were Halloween. Children and adults wear masks. In the Algarve region, several resort towns offer Carnival parades.
Besides the themed floats and cars, the festivities include "samba" groups, bands, dances, and music. The village becomes a live theatre where costumed actors improvise on the streets in roles such as the traditional "August the Stupid".
The Strumica Carnival Macedonian: Струмички Карневал, translated Strumichki Karneval has been held since at least , when the Turkish author Evlija Chelebija wrote while staying there, "I came into a town located in the foothills of a high hillock and what I saw that night was masked people running house—to—house, with laughter, scream and song.
The Strumica Carnival opens on a Saturday night at a masked ball where the Prince and Princess are chosen; the main Carnival night is on Tuesday, when masked participants including groups from abroad compete in various subjects.
Maslenitsa Масленица , also called "Pancake Week" or "Cheese Week" is a Russian folk holiday that incorporates some pagan traditions.
It is celebrated during the last week before Lent. The essential element is bliny , Russian pancakes, popularly taken to symbolize the sun.
Round and golden, they are made from the rich foods allowed that week by the Orthodox traditions: In the tradition of Orthodox Lent, the consumption of meat ceases one week before that of milk and eggs.
Maslenitsa also includes masquerades , snowball fights, sledding, swinging on swings, and sleigh rides. The mascot is a brightly dressed straw effigy of Lady Maslenitsa, formerly known as Kostroma.
The celebration culminates on Sunday evening, when Lady Maslenitsa is stripped of her finery and put to the flames of a bonfire. The Slovenian countryside displays a variety of disguised groups and individual characters, among which the most popular and characteristic is the Kurent plural: Kurenti , a monstrous and demon-like, but fluffy figure.
The most significant festival is held in Ptuj see: The origin of the Kurent is a mystery, and not much is known of the times, beliefs, or purposes connected with its first appearance.
The origin of the name itself is obscure. Unique to this region is a group of dormice , driven by the Devil and a huge fire-breathing dragon. Cerkno and its surrounding area are known for the Laufarji , Carnival figures with artistically carved wooden masks.
The major part of the population, especially the young and children, dress up in ordinary non-ethnic costumes, going to school, work, and organized events, where prizes are given for the best and most original costumes.
Costumed children sometimes go from house to house asking for treats. The carnival symbolises the eternal struggle between the forces of good and evil, light and darkness, winter and spring.
The feeling of this Carnival is the sharp criticism, the funny play on words and the imagination in the costumes, more than the glamorous dressings.
It is traditional to paint the face with lipstick as a humble substitute of a mask. The most famous groups are the chirigotas , choirs, and comparsas.
The chirigotas are well known witty, satiric popular groups who sing about politics, new times, and household topics, wearing the same costume, which they prepare for the whole year.
The Choirs coros are wider groups that go on open carts through the streets singing with an orchestra of guitars and lutes. Their signature piece is the "Carnival Tango", alternating comical and serious repertory.
They have a more elaborated polyphony that is easily recognizable by the typical countertenor voice. Every February, Santa Cruz de Tenerife , the capital of the largest of the Canary Islands , hosts the event, attracting around a million people.
In , it was declared a Festival Tourist International Interest. This was registered in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of people in an outdoor plaza to attend a concert, a record she holds today.
The King presides over a period of misrule in which conventional social rules may be broken and reckless behavior is encouraged. Festivities are held in the open air, beginning with a cercavila , a ritual procession throughout the town to call everyone to attend.
Rues of masked revelers dance alongside. It adopts an ancient style in which satire, the grotesque body  particularly cross-dressing and displays of exaggerated bellies, noses, and phalli and above all, active participation are valued over glamorous, media-friendly spectacles that Vilanovins mock as "thighs and feathers".
The women protect their faces with Mantons de Manila Manila shawls , but eye-patches and slings for broken arms are common the following week.
It includes a raucous procession of floats and dancers lampooning current events or public figures and a bitingly satiric sermon el sermo delivered by the King himself.
On Dijous Gras, Vilanovin children are excused from school to participate in the Merengada, a day-long scene of eating and fighting with sticky, sweet meringue.
In the funeral house, the body of the King is surrounded by an honor guard and weeping concubines, crying over the loss of sexual pleasure brought about by his death.
Carnaval de Solsona takes place in Solsona, Lleida. It is one of the longest; free events in the streets and nightly concerts run for more than a week.
To celebrate this legend, locals hang a stuffed donkey at the tower that "pisses" above the excited crowd using a water pump.
This event is the most important and takes place on Saturday night. For this reason, the inhabitants are called matarrucs "donkey killers". These groups of friends create and personalize a uniformed suit to wear during the festivities.
Around 40 floats draw more than 2, participants. The events start with the building of a huge barrel and ends with its burning with the effigies of the King and Queen.
On Saturday, the main parade takes place with masked groups, zoomorphic figures, music, and percussion bands, and groups with fireworks the devils, the dragon, the ox, the female dragon.
Carnival groups stand out for their clothes full of elegance, showing brilliant examples of fabric crafts, at the Saturday and Sunday parades.
About 5, people are members of the parade groups. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the celebration of Carnival in many cultures.
For the traveling entertainment, see Traveling carnival.